Sperm Donation: What You Need to Know

When donating sperm, you are giving a person the chance to be a parent, and this is often something that many people dream of.

What Is the Process of Sperm Donation?

There are many sperm banks across the US. The process of sperm donation is known as third-party reproduction, as a person outside the family is involved in the creation of the child. At sperm banks, men will donate their semen to be used by other individuals or couples.


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What Does Sperm Donation Mean for the Donor?


If you are wanting to donate your sperm, there are things that you should know before you proceed. Before you donate your semen, you will go through health screenings. These health screenings will depend on the sperm bank, but most follow the guidelines that are set out by The American Society for Reproductive Medicine

The ASRM advises that those that wish to donate sperm should have a physical exam first that examines their blood and semen. The donor will be tested for infectious diseases and genetic conditions. The sperm will be tested for quality and quantity to see if you are right for sperm donation. 

To donate sperm, you will need to provide a detailed account of your family medical history and your personal sexual history. Sometimes, clinics will also want to know your hobbies, interests, and personal habits to give more information about you to the recipient. Some sperm clinics specifically look for donors with a college education aged of 18 and 35. However, this really depends on where you are donating your sperm. 

What Happens After You Been Accepted as a Donor?


Once you have gone through the process and been accepted as a sperm donor, you are now ready to donate your sperm!

You will have to abstain from ejaculation for two or three days before you donate. When you attend the donation, you will masturbate in a private room into a sterile cup. This sperm will then be frozen for at least six months. After the six months, you will then again be tested for infectious diseases. This means that the clinic can be confident that you are suitable for sperm donation. The sperm will then be thawed and tested again for quality and quantity. 

What Does Sperm Donation Mean For the Reciever?


If you are looking for a sperm donor, there are so many amazing clinics that allow you to find your perfect match. Many clinics have a donor match tool on their website which means you can find out everything that you need to know about your donor. 

You can choose to get treatment at the clinic or inseminate the sperm at home. It is entirely up to you which you decide. Some people choose to have the intrauterine insemination procedure at a clinic. This is the process where the doctor will place the sperm directly into your uterus and is relatively risk-free.

What Are the Benefits of Sperm Donation?


Sperm donation has a lot of benefits for both the donor and the receiver. For the donor, you will get financial benefits for each donation that you give. Many donors also benefit emotionally with the knowledge that they are helping somebody or a couple have a child. 

For the person that is receiving the sperm donation, there are massive benefits! The process is not as invasive and costs less than other fertility treatments. Most sperm clinics also have a huge range of donors to chose from so you can find the right sperm for you. 

What Are the Risks of Sperm Donation?


Of course, like everything, sperm donation does have its risks. If you are wanting to donate sperm you need to be aware that you are creating a human life and this comes with responsibility. After donating the sperm you will still need to update the clinic about any medical information that you find out about yourself or your family. 

Furthermore, it is not completely anonymous. Some clinics will allow the child to contact the sperm donor when they turn 18 and the donor must be aware that this is a possibility. When donating sperm you must consider the lifelong connection that you will have with the clinic, the recipients of the donation, and the offspring. 

Receiving a sperm donation also comes with risks. There is no guarantee that the procedure will work and intrauterine insemination is not as effective as other forms of fertility treatment. 

Sperm donation is an amazing opportunity to give the gift of life to someone that wishes to have a child!